Turkey flag Turkey: Business Environment

Business law in Turkey

Legal Framework

Independence of Justice
The Turkish Constitution guarantees independent judicial power.
Equal Treatment of Nationals and Foreigners
Reforms have been introduced where necessary with a view to joining the European Union. Foreign nationals can, in principle, expect to benefit from an impartial trial in judicial matters. Corruption has been reported in certain cases; however, the Government is continually enforcing laws to fight it.
The Language of Justice
Turkish
Recourse to an Interpreter
Possible
Sources of the Law and Legal Similarities
The main source of the law is the constitution of 1982.

The country's judicial system is based on a system of civil law derived from different systems in continental Europe:
- Civil and company law close to the German model
- Law of obligations inspired by the Swiss code
- Penal law inspired by the Italian Penal Code
- Administrative Law inspired by that of France

Turkey is a member of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR).

Checking National Laws Online
Guide to Law Online: Turkey

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Latest Update: June 2022

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