Moldova flag Moldova: Economic and Political Overview

The political framework of Moldova

Political Outline

Current Political Leaders
President: President Maia SANDU (since 24 December 2020)
Prime Minister: Dorin RECEAN (since 16 February 2023)
Next Election Dates
Presidential: fall 2024
Legislative: July 2025
Main Political Parties
Moldova has a multi-party system with relatively equally distributed seats. The country's major parties who are represented in the parliament are:

- Action and Solidarity Party (PAS): social liberalism, pro-Europeanism
- Electoral Bloc of Communists and Socialists (Bloc): its members are the Party of Communists of the Republic of Moldova (PCRM) and the Party of Socialists of the Republic of Moldova (PSRM)
- Sor Party (Chance. Duties. Realization.): populist, Eurosceptic
- Revival Party: pro-Russian, left-wing
- National Alternative Movement: centre, pro-Europeanism.
Executive Power
The President is the Head of State and is elected via direct elections for a four-year mandate (renewable once). After the year 2000 and prior to a decision of the Constitutional Court in March 2016, the President was elected by the parliament. The President is a dominant figure on the political scene and has considerable decision-making power. The Prime Minister is designated by the President but has to be confirmed through a vote of confidence by parliament (generally, the head of the majority party or coalition is the one chosen). The Prime Minister also serves a four-year term. He or she is the Head of the Government and has executive powers, which include the implementation of the law and the running of the country's day-to-day affairs. The Cabinet is chosen by the Prime Minister, subject to the approval of parliament, and nominated by the President.
Legislative Power
The legislature in Moldova is unicameral. The Parliament consists of 101 seats; its members serve four-year terms (51 members are elected directly in single-seat constituencies through a simple majority vote, while 50 members are directly elected in a single nationwide constituency through closed party-list proportional representation voting). In Moldova, Parliament is supreme and can dismiss the government, if it so wishes.

Indicator of Freedom of the Press


The world rankings, published annually, measures violations of press freedom worldwide. It reflects the degree of freedom enjoyed by journalists, the media and digital citizens of each country and the means used by states to respect and uphold this freedom. Finally, a note and a position are assigned to each country. To compile this index, Reporters Without Borders (RWB) prepared a questionnaire incorporating the main criteria (44 in total) to assess the situation of press freedom in a given country. This questionnaire was sent to partner organisations,150 RWB correspondents, journalists, researchers, jurists and human rights activists. It includes every kind of direct attacks against journalists and digital citizens (murders, imprisonment, assault, threats, etc.) or against the media (censorship, confiscation, searches and harassment etc.).

World Rank:

Indicator of Political Freedom


The Indicator of Political Freedom provides an annual evaluation of the state of freedom in a country as experienced by individuals. The survey measures freedom according to two broad categories: political rights and civil liberties. The ratings process is based on a checklist of 10 political rights questions (on Electoral Process, Political Pluralism and Participation, Functioning of Government) and 15 civil liberties questions (on Freedom of Expression, Belief, Associational and Organizational Rights, Rule of Law, Personal Autonomy and Individual Rights). Scores are awarded to each of these questions on a scale of 0 to 4, where a score of 0 represents the smallest degree and 4 the greatest degree of rights or liberties present. The total score awarded to the political rights and civil liberties checklist determines the political rights and civil liberties rating. Each rating of 1 through 7, with 1 representing the highest and 7 the lowest level of freedom, corresponds to a range of total scores.

Partly Free
Political Freedom:
Civil Liberties:

Political freedom in the world (interactive map)
Source: Freedom in the World Report, Freedom House


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Latest Update: May 2024

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