Ghana flag Ghana: Business Environment

Business law in Ghana

Legal Framework

Independence of Justice
The Constitution of Ghana guarantees the independence of the judiciary. Ghana's judicial independence score, as calculated by the World Bank (World Economic Forum Index), has been rising over the last few years and is now 4.62, putting the country well above both the World median and the regional average. World Justice Project ranks Ghana 43rd out of 113 countries in its latest Rule of Law ranking and first in its region.
Equal Treatment of Nationals and Foreigners
Article 17 of the Constitution guarantees equal treatment before the law.
The Language of Justice
English
Recourse to an Interpreter
All judicial services are provided in English.
Sources of the Law and Legal Similarities

The Ghanaian legal system is heavily influenced by the British rule and has evolved from the British Settlements Act of 1843 to the latest version of the Constitution adopted in 1992. The following are the main sources of law in Ghana:

  •     The Constitution;
  •     Legislation made by or under the authority of the Parliament
  •     Any orders, rules and regulations made by any person or authority under a power conferred by this Constitution (or subsidiary or subordinate legislation)
  •     The existing law or the written and unwritten laws of Ghana that existed immediately before the coming into force of the 1992 Constitution
  •     The common law (or the English common law, English doctrines of equity, and the rules of customary law).
Checking National Laws Online
Ghana Legal

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Latest Update: July 2022

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