Ethiopia flag Ethiopia: Investing in Ethiopia

Investment framework and opportunities in Ethiopia

Procedures Relative to Foreign Investment

Freedom of Establishment
Both foreign and domestic private entities have the right to establish, acquire, own and dispose of most forms of business enterprises (except for a few strategic sectors). All land is owned by the State, but can be leased for up to 99 years.
Acquisition of Holdings
A majority holding interest in a local company by a foreign investor is legal in Ethiopia.
Obligation to Declare
A foreign investor intending to buy an existing private enterprise or buy shares in an existing enterprise needs to obtain prior approval from the Ethiopian Investment Commission (EIC).
Competent Organisation For the Declaration
Ethiopian Investment Commission (EIC)
Requests For Specific Authorisations
Ethiopia’s Investment Code prohibits foreign investment in banking, insurance, and financial services, along with the following sectors: broadcasting, air transport services (up to 50 seats capacity), travel agency services, forwarding and shipping agencies, retail trade and brokerage, wholesale trade (with some exceptions) and most import trade.

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Investment Opportunities

Investment Aid Agency
Ethiopian Investment Agency (EIA)
Tenders, Projects and Public Procurement
Tenders Info
Other Useful Resources
2018 Investment Climate Statements by the U.S. Department of State

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Latest Update: July 2022

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