flag Burkina Faso Burkina Faso: Statistical Overview

Capital: Ouagadougou


Total Population: 22,673,762
Natural Increase: 2.6%
Density: 81 Inhabitants/km²
Urban Population: 31.9%
Ethnic Origins: There are no official data on ethnic groups in Burkina Faso. However, the country has about sixty ethnic groups of unequal demographic importance, which do not always occupy precise geographical areas. Among the many ethnic groups are the Yarse, Dioula, Peul, Songhay, Gourounsi, Gourmantché and Mossé. (Burkinabe National Tourist Office)
Official Language: French
Other Languages Spoken: It is estimated that 70 languages are spoken in Burkina Faso, of which about 66 are indigenous. The main languages are Mossi, Dyula, Fulfulde and Gourmanché.
Business Language(s): French
Religion: Muslim 50%, Indigenous beliefs 40%, Christian (mainly Roman Catholic) 10%.
Literacy Rate: 23.6%

Local Time:

It is %T:%M %A In Ouagadougou

Exchange Rate on :

National Currency: CFA Franc BCEAO (XOF)

Country Overview

Area: 274,220 km²
Type of State: Presidential republic
Type of Economy: Low-income economy.
A landlocked country in the middle of the Sahel; it depends on agriculture and especially cotton-farming.
HDI*: 0.402/1
HDI (World Rank): 183/188

Note: (*) The HDI, Human Development Index, is an Indicator Which Synthesizes Several Data Such as Life Expectancy, Level of Education, Professional Careers, Access to Culture etc.


Telephone Code:
To call from Burkina Faso, dial 00
To call Burkina Faso, dial +226
Internet Suffix: .bf
Telephone Lines: 0.8 per 100 Inhabitants
Internet Users: 3.7 per 100 Inhabitants
Access to Electricity: 13.1% of the Population

Foreign Trade in Figures

Foreign Trade Indicators 20192020202120222023
Imports of Goods (million USD) 4,2844,1264,6145,5045,863
Exports of Goods (million USD) 3,2394,3725,0434,5184,309
Imports of Services (million USD) 1,4611,2621,4161,582n/a
Exports of Services (million USD) 540509556495n/a

Source: WTO – World Trade Organisation, Latest data available.


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Latest Update: April 2024